Journal of International Oral Health

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 118--127

Clinical evaluation of Carbomer compared with high viscosity glass ionomer in restoration of root caries in geriatric patients: A randomized controlled trial


Reham N Mahmoud, Amir H Ibrahim, Amira F ElZoghby, Omar O Shaalan 
 Faculty of Dentistry, Conservative Dentistry Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Reham N Mahmoud
119D 1st Gate Hadayek Al-Ahram, Giza
Egypt

Aim: To evaluate the clinical performance of nano-hydroxyapatite reinforced glass ionomer (Carbomer) vs. conventional high viscosity glass-ionomer cement (Fuji IX) in root caries of geriatric patients. Materials and Methods: The current trial is a randomized controlled trial, with two parallel groups and a 1:1 allocation ratio. A total of 22 participants were recruited using convenience sampling and received 44 restorations randomly using either Carbomer or Fuji IX. After cavity preparation, restorative materials were applied according to manufacturers’ instructions. Restorations were evaluated using modified United States Public Health Service criteria by two blinded assessors after 1, 3, 6, and 9 months and 1 year. The χ2 test was used to associate between the type of restorative material, either Carbomer or Fuji IX, and clinical performance. A P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: After 1 year, no statistically significant difference was found between both materials for marginal staining, surface texture, marginal adaptation, secondary caries, post-operative sensitivity, color match, and retention (P = 0.4885, P = 0.1320, P = 0.3483, P = 0.9170, P = 0.7518, P = 0.1043, and P = 0.2998, respectively), whereas there was statistically significant difference between both materials for anatomical contour after 12 months (P = 0.0477). Conclusion: Both Carbomer™ and Fuji IX showed similar and successful clinical performance in the purpose of restoring root surface of permanent teeth in geriatric patients.


How to cite this article:
Mahmoud RN, Ibrahim AH, ElZoghby AF, Shaalan OO. Clinical evaluation of Carbomer compared with high viscosity glass ionomer in restoration of root caries in geriatric patients: A randomized controlled trial.J Int Oral Health 2022;14:118-127


How to cite this URL:
Mahmoud RN, Ibrahim AH, ElZoghby AF, Shaalan OO. Clinical evaluation of Carbomer compared with high viscosity glass ionomer in restoration of root caries in geriatric patients: A randomized controlled trial. J Int Oral Health [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 May 19 ];14:118-127
Available from: https://www.jioh.org/article.asp?issn=0976-7428;year=2022;volume=14;issue=2;spage=118;epage=127;aulast=Mahmoud;type=0