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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 97-105

Behavior management techniques adopted by pediatric dentists in Cairo, Egypt: A cross-sectional study

1 Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Aden University, Aden, Yemen
2 Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Samah M Kanzel
Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Aden University, Aden
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_127_22

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Introduction: The child patient is exposed to the dental environment that triggers natural fear response, so behavior management strategies are required to meet their needs. Objective: The objective of the study was to identify the most common behavior management techniques adopted by pediatric dentists in three Egyptian universities for each patient group. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we applied convenient sample to the three major governmental universities located in Cairo. Ninety-two questionnaires were distributed to all pediatric dentistry specialists of the three universities. They were designed to record participants’ demographic and practice information and their current use of behavior management techniques for each patient age. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square (χ2) test, and Bonferroni corrections were used to analyze data. Results: Questionnaires were returned by 72 pediatric dentists (27.8% were males and 72.2% were females). Parental presence was practiced by all participants mainly for patients less than 2 years (93.1%). Tell-show-do is the most used technique (95.8%) for patients of 3–5 years. The use of advanced techniques by respondents was less than basic techniques, being least for sedation and highest for general anesthesia. Female respondent preferred basic behavior management techniques, whereas male participants chose advanced techniques more than females. Conclusions: Different behavior management techniques are being practiced for each patient group. The choice of the technique was influenced by the practitioner gender, years in practice, and position in the faculty.

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