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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 118-127

Clinical evaluation of Carbomer compared with high viscosity glass ionomer in restoration of root caries in geriatric patients: A randomized controlled trial

Faculty of Dentistry, Conservative Dentistry Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Reham N Mahmoud
119D 1st Gate Hadayek Al-Ahram, Giza
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_319_21

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Aim: To evaluate the clinical performance of nano-hydroxyapatite reinforced glass ionomer (Carbomer) vs. conventional high viscosity glass-ionomer cement (Fuji IX) in root caries of geriatric patients. Materials and Methods: The current trial is a randomized controlled trial, with two parallel groups and a 1:1 allocation ratio. A total of 22 participants were recruited using convenience sampling and received 44 restorations randomly using either Carbomer or Fuji IX. After cavity preparation, restorative materials were applied according to manufacturers’ instructions. Restorations were evaluated using modified United States Public Health Service criteria by two blinded assessors after 1, 3, 6, and 9 months and 1 year. The χ2 test was used to associate between the type of restorative material, either Carbomer or Fuji IX, and clinical performance. A P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: After 1 year, no statistically significant difference was found between both materials for marginal staining, surface texture, marginal adaptation, secondary caries, post-operative sensitivity, color match, and retention (P = 0.4885, P = 0.1320, P = 0.3483, P = 0.9170, P = 0.7518, P = 0.1043, and P = 0.2998, respectively), whereas there was statistically significant difference between both materials for anatomical contour after 12 months (P = 0.0477). Conclusion: Both Carbomer™ and Fuji IX showed similar and successful clinical performance in the purpose of restoring root surface of permanent teeth in geriatric patients.

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