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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 617-622

Impact of oral health problems on the quality of life among low income group in an urban area in Malaysia: A preliminary study


1 Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Hospital Pakar Kanak Kanak, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ratnah T Subramanam
Department of Family Oral Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur.
Malaysia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JIOH.JIOH_154_21

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Aim: The aim of this article is to investigate the association between quality of life (QoL) and oral health problems among residents from low income groups in an urban area. Materials and Methods: Forty-five participants aged between 18 and 70 years residing in a residential area allocated for Malaysian citizens from the bottom 40% household income range (B40) in Kuala Lumpur were included in this study. A self-administered questionnaire adapted from the short version of Malaysian Oral Health Impact Profile [S-OHIP(M)] was used as an instrument to measure QoL of the participants. The respondents were separated into two groups, those aged below 40 years (<40) and those aged above 40 years (≥40). Results: In general, the residents within the B40 community participating in this study occasionally experienced the impact of their oral conditions as the percentages of “frequent” and “moderate” responses were higher in most of the items asked. The most frequent impact of oral disorders experienced by both age groups was physiological discomfort (89%). A significant association between the two age groups and the impact caused by bad breath was found. The perceived needs within this community were high (88.64%), and there was a low prevalence of edentulism. Conclusion: The majority of residents from a lower socioeconomic status in an urban area experienced the impact of oral health problems either frequently or moderately. Satisfaction with their oral health status and the perceived dental treatment need is deemed to be high.


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