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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 579-585

Factors associated with knowledge and perceptions regarding the COVID-19 pandemic among future health science professionals: A logistic model analysis

1 Academic Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal, Lima, Peru
2 Academic Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal, Lima, Peru, Lima, Peru
3 Academic Department of Rehabilitating Stomatology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru
4 Academic Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal, Lima, Peru; Postgraduate Department, CHANGE Research Working Group, Faculty of Health of Sciences, Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima, Peru

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Frank Mayta-Tovalino
Postgraduate Department, Faculty of Stomatology, Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal, and Universidad Científica del Sur, Av. Paseo de la República 5544, Miraflores 15074.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JIOH.JIOH_121_21

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Aim: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with knowledge and perceptions regarding the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic among undergraduate students in different health science fields. Materials and Methods: An analytical, cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted. Data were collected between January and March 2021, from health science undergraduate students attending Federico Villarreal National University in Peru. To calculate the sample size, a formula to estimate a proportion was applied using Stata 15 software (n = 527). The examined factors were faculty, year of study, gender, region, residence, living with parents, and having family members infected with COVID-19, which were analyzed using a logit model to identify the impact of the intervening variables with a significance of P < 0.05. Results: None of the variables studied were found to affect knowledge and perceptions regarding COVID-19 preventive measures among Peruvian health science students, with the following odds ratios (OR) obtained: faculty (OR = 0.96; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.83–1.12), year of study (OR = 0.98; CI: 0.77–1.25), gender (OR = 1.12; CI: 0.54–2.28), region (OR = 1.32; CI: 0.35–4.78), residence (OR = 0.97; CI: 0.48–1.95), living with parents (OR = 1.5; CI: 0.52–4.39), and having infected family members (OR = 1.5; CI: 0.64–3.49). Conclusion: The results of this study show that students at a Peruvian public university have adequate knowledge and perceptions regarding preventive strategies to avoid contracting and spreading COVID-19. In addition, none of the examined factors were significant in this relationship.

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