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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 571-578

10% propolis as a subgingival irrigation agent after gingival curettage: A comparative study


Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sri Pramestri Lastianny
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Denta 1, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281.
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JIOH.JIOH_65_21

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Aim: Gingival curettage is a surgical periodontal therapy that aims at eliminating periodontal pockets. To enhance the output of this treatment, subgingival irrigation after curettage could be used as adjuvant therapy. Propolis, as a natural remedy, has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties, which makes it a promising candidate as a subgingival irrigation agent. The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of 10% propolis and 1% tetracycline as subgingival irrigation agents after curettage on plaque index (PI), probing pocket depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP), and concentration of interleukin-1β (IL-1β)Materials and Methods: This comparative analytical study was performed on a total of six participants, with each participant presenting with two sites of periodontal pockets. The periodontal pockets were assigned to two treatment groups: patients receiving 10% propolis after curettage (Group A) and patients receiving 1% tetracycline after curettage (Group B). PI, PPD, BOP, and concentration of IL-1β were recorded at baseline on day 0 before curettage and on day 21 after curettage. The measured parameters were analyzed with chi-square analysis, Mann-Whitney, and independent T-test at different intervals. Results: Statistical analysis showed that group A (curettage + subgingival irrigation with 10% propolis) had better improvement on PI and greater reduction of PPD, BOP, and concentration of IL-1β on day 21, compared with group B (curettage + subgingival irrigation with 1% tetracycline) with P value of 0.014, 0.003, 0.007, and 0.000, respectively (P < 0.05). Conclusion: 10% propolis as a subgingival irrigation agent was more effective compared with 1% tetracycline in improving clinical parameters of periodontal tissue and concentration of IL-1β on patients with chronic periodontitis.


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