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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 423-428

A review on prevalence rate, etiology, and management of impacted and transmigrated mandibular canines

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nazargi Mahabob
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa 31982,
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JIOH.JIOH_208_20

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Aim: To identify and analyze recently available data related to the incidence of occurrence, etiology, and treatment options for transmigrated mandibular canines. Materials and Methods: A computer-based search of studies published from January 2010 to May 2020 was conducted. The studies were selected from various electronic databases such as Medline, Google Scholar, Epub, Embase, and Cochrane on the basis of their title, study, design, keywords, Cochrane methodology, supplemented by a gray literature search, and reference lists of selected papers were manually scanned. Results: A total of 503 transmigrated mandibular canines were reported from 53 articles and 19 different countries. Based on the number of articles published, India topped with 22 publications followed by Turkey with eight publications. Based on the number of transmigrated mandibular canines reporting, Turkey topped the list with 167 teeth, followed by Poland with 99 canines. The frequency of canine impact in the mandible ranges from 0.92% to 5.1%, according to the results of our study, whereas that of canine transmigration ranges from 0.1% to 0.3%. The quest for literature also reveals that canine transmigration is almost limited to the mandible. The etiology of this disease has been due to several causes. Cone beam computerized tomography helps to provide specific information about their position, relationship with adjacent structures, and associated pathology. Conclusion: Early diagnosis, appropriate treatment plan, and prompt intervention to maintain the appearance of the esthetic and functional stability are the conclusions drawn.

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