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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 407-412

Povidone-iodine in dental and oral health: A narrative review

1 Oral Medicine Department, Trisakti University, Jakarta Barat, Indonesia
2 Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Jakarta Barat, Singapore

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jeeve Kanagalingam
Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_89_20

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Aim: Proper oral care is an important contributor to overall health, and various antiseptic options are available for the prevention and treatment of oral diseases. Povidone-iodine (PVP-I) oral formulations remain popular for their broad spectrum of effect and favorable tolerability profile. Our aim was to provide a narrative review looking at the past and current studies evaluating PVP-I usage for the maintenance of oral health. Materials and Methods: Querying the PubMed and Web of Science databases using the terms “PVP-I,” “Oral Health,” and “Dental Care,” we identified and systematically reviewed articles for a literature review of PVP-I applications in the area. In addition to potent antimicrobial action against common viruses, fungi, and bacteria, the absence of reported resistance to PVP-I makes it an increasingly attractive option in today’s settings. Results: The applications for PVP-I range from routine oral care and gingivitis through to the management of oral mucositis and surgical site disinfection following dental surgeries. Evidence also suggests that PVP-I confers additional benefits that complement its antiseptic properties. These include anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous, and hemostyptic effects, which can improve clinical outcomes. Conclusion: The clinical benefits of PVP-I warrant its ongoing consideration as a reliable antiseptic for broad oral care needs.

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