JIOH on LinkedIn JIOH on Facebook
  • Users Online: 240
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 109-113

Effect of drinking water habits and oral hygiene status in elementary school children: A Quasi experimental study

Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dini Setyowati
Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Jl. Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47, Surabaya.
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_190_19

Rights and Permissions

Aim: To describe the effectiveness of drinking mineral water after consuming snacks in improving dental and oral hygiene of elementary school students. Materials and Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with pretest–posttest control group design. The population of this study was 105 students selected from an elementary school in Surabaya, Indonesia. The sample size used in this research was 36 students aged 12 years old and have their first lower molars fully erupted. The sampling technique used was random sampling technique. The respondents were divided into three groups: Group 1 (eating only), Group 2 (eating and drinking), and Group 3 (eating, drinking, and gargling). Primary data were obtained from intraoral examination carried out by Debris Index (DI) with three-score category. The examination was only conducted in several tooth: posterior tooth (fully erupted tooth) and anterior tooth (upper and lower central incisors). Independent variable in this research was drinking 250 mL of mineral water, meanwhile the dependent variable was student’s DI. Statistical analysis was carried out using analysis of variance correlation test and using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version17. Results: Dental and oral hygiene status group is homogeneous (P = 0.484). A significant difference was observed between variables, such as eating and drinking with gargling group (P = 0.4250), the eating and drinking group (P = 0.2250), and the control group (P = 1.4833). Conclusion: Students who regularly drink water, especially with gargling habit, have a better oral hygiene than those who do not drink regularly.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded203    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal