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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 52-57

Potency of dental permanent tooth eruption because of body mass index disturbance due to untreated teeth in elementary students

Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Gilang R S Wening
Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Campus A Universitas Airlangga, Jl. Prof Dr. Moestopo No. 47, Surabaya 60132.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_278_18

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Aim: To analyze the correlation between body mass index (BMI) to the tooth eruption and the severity level of dental caries in elementary school-aged children. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional observational study was conducted among the students of an elementary school. The population of this study comprised students aged 9–12 years. A total of 49 samples obtained in this study were selected by simple random sampling technique. In this study, PUFA (pulp, ulceration, fistula, abscess) index was performed in intraoral examination. BMI examination was conducted to measure the body mass of the respondents. The statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS software (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences), version 21. Analysis method used in this study was odds ratio with P < 0.05 (sig two-tailed) and confidence interval at 95%. Results: Approximately 48.1% children had right upper canine not fully erupted with poor BMI. A total of 63.6% children with good BMI had teeth (i.e., right upper canine) almost fully erupted. Children with teeth (i.e., left upper canine) that had erupted by 2/3 until completion were dominated by children with good BMI (72.7%). A total 86.4% children with good BMI had teeth (i.e., lower left canine) fully erupted. Whereas, children who had teeth (i.e., lower right canine) 2/3 to perfectly erupted were dominated by children with good BMI as much as 81.6%. (P > 0.05). Meanwhile, 53.6% respondents with normal BMI level had dental cares without pulp-involvement (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Tooth eruption and dental caries severity did not correlate with BMI.

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