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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 217-220

Tuak legen (traditional palm wine) consumption habits and severity of dental caries in Indonesia

Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Titiek Berniyanti
Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Campus A Universitas Airlangga, JI. Mayjen Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47, Surabaya, East Java 60132.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_230_18

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Aims and Objectives: To determine the severity of dental caries according to the behavior of drinking traditional Tuak legen/palm wine. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study with cross-sectional design was conducted in a population of Gedongombo villagers with the habit of consuming traditional Tuak legen/palm wine for at least 1 year. The participants in this study were men aged 20–60 years comprising 50 participants. Variables observed in this study were dental caries and the habit of consuming palm wine. Caries level was measured using the decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMF-T) index. The data regarding palm wine consumption habits were obtained from self-administered questionnaire filled by the respondents. Chi-square test was carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 17.0 software to analyze the data. Results: Respondents who have the habit of consuming palm wine with the frequency 2–3 times a week have higher DMF-T score (7.45) compared to respondents who consumed palm wine only once a week (5.0). We also found that respondents who consumed palm wine by slowly drinking had a higher DMF-T score (7.27) compared with respondents who consumed Tuak legen straightened up at once (5.75). Conclusion: Respondents with the habit of consuming traditional palm wine have higher DMF-T score.

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