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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 81-87

Knowledge, attitude, perception toward radiation hazards and protection among dental undergraduate students: A study

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Dental Surgery, Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
3 Department of Dentistry, Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College and Hospital, Gaya, Bihar, India
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Srivastava
783/4 W.1, Saket Nagar, Juhi.2, Kanpur - 208. 014, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_26_16

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Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and perception (KAP) of dental students toward ionizing radiation, biological hazards, and appropriate radiographic protection methods. To assess the need for improving the knowledge/awareness toward radiation hazards and protection methods among the dental students and interns. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted. A total of 174 dental students who had completed their 30 days posting in Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology were inducted for the study. All the students were subjected to structured 17 response questionnaire with multiple choices. Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using the SPSS software package version 17. Pearson Chi-square test was done to evaluate the statistical significance. Results: The present study revealed 54.22% correct response from 3rd year followed by 57.78% from final years and 61.64% from interns. The overall correct response was 57.57%. Conclusion: The results from the present study revealed that the KAP level in regard to the biological hazardous effects of X-ray and protection was low to average among dental students. It is recommended that the syllabus of dental radiology should be expanded to provide clinical knowledge regarding radiation hazards and protection, so that students are well grounded with the principles of dental radiography.

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