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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-5

Prevalence of temporomandibular dysfunction in edentulous patients of Saudi Arabia

Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, AlJouf University, Skaka, AlJouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Bader K AlZarea
College of Dentistry, AlJouf University, Skaka, AlJouf
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_25_16

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Aim: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of various temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) signs in healthy asymptomatic edentulous individuals and denture wearers. Materials and Methods: Four hundred completely edentulous individuals in the age group of 45–75 years, who did not complain of any TMD and were denture bearers with varied denture-wearing span, were examined for the existence of TMD signs and symptoms. Statistical analyses were carried out with Chi-square test. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: The total prevalence of TMD in the group was 60.5% (58.75% in males and 63.12% in females). It has been observed that more number of females (63.21%) reported signs of TMD and majority of them (23.25%) reported with two signs of TMD. The most common finding was limitation on mouth opening and the least common finding was joint sounds (crepitus and clicking). The occurrence of findings was not statistically related to edentulous span. Conclusion: The present study showed a high prevalence of signs of TMD in healthy asymptomatic completely edentulous individuals. However, the gender difference was not statistically significant.

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