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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-19

Translation of english version of oral health impact profile-14 into Gujarati

1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, K.M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, K.M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Santosh Kumar Goje
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, K.M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-7428.201093

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Introduction: Any quality of life (QoL) assessment tool needs to be validated in the language of the participants to whom it is administered. Several language versions of oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) already exist, for example, in German, Swedish, Hebrew, Chinese, Hindi, and Scottish. The present study has tried to establish a Gujarati version of OHIP-14. This Gujarati version of OHIP-14 would be useful to assess the impact of oral health on QoL of dental patients, who understand Gujarati. Aim: This study aimed to translate and validate the Gujarati version of OHIP-14. Materials and Methods: The original English version of the OHIP-14 was translated using the World Health Organization method (forward-backward translation technique), and then 109 participants were given English as well as Gujarati versions of OHIP-14 questionnaire. Filled questionnaires were collected from the participants and subjected to statistical analysis. Results: All the 14 questions showed no statistically significant difference between the English version of OHIP-14 and the translated Gujarati version of OHIP-14. Results of unpaired t-test (P = 0.103) were not statistically significant. Pearson's correlation coefficient test was 0.990, suggesting that the translated Gujarati version is highly correlated with the original English version. Conclusions: The translated Gujarati version of OHIP-14 is a precise, valid, and reliable instrument for assessing oral health-related QoL among Gujarati population.

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