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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 937-942

Dimensions of the Interproximal Gingival Papilla in the Upper Anterior Areas Rehabilitated with Different types of Unitary Implants

1 Master, Department of Dental Prosthesis, São Leopoldo Mandic Dental School - Campinas, São Paulo - Brazil
2 Student of the Graduate Program, Master in Dental Prosthesis, Department of Prosthodontics, São Leopoldo Mandic Dental School, Campinas - São Paulo - Brazil
3 Master, Department of Endodontics, Itaúna University, Itaúna, MG - Brazil
4 Coordinator and Adjunct Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, São Leopoldo Mandic Dental School, Campinas - São Paulo - Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Simone Kreve
Rua Independência 1899, Apto 602, Centro, Toledo, Paraná -Brazil

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: This study compares the gingival papillary in areas restored with external hexagon and Morse taper implants and in healthy natural dentition. The distance from the bone crest (BC) to the contact point (CP) and the distance from the implant platform to the axial wall of the adjacent tooth influenced the papillary extension. Materials and Methods: Jemt's index (1997) was used to the gingival papillae in 4 height levels: 0 - absent papilla; - papilla occupies less than half the distance from its base to the CP; 2 - papilla occupies more than half this distance but not the entire interproximal space; 3 - interproximal space completely occupied. The sample consisted of 27 proximal areas between natural teeth, 25 proximal areas to external hexagons, and proximal areas to Morse taper. Patients were clinically evaluated to assess presence - total or partial - or absence of the gingival papilla. Radiographies were taken with the adaptation of metallic millimetric meshes for the measurements. Results: Regarding papillary height scores, no significant difference observed between groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Group 3 - rehabilitated with Morse taper implants - had better index of papillary fill and the larger the distance between the to the BC, the smaller the papillary score. Further research with larger sample size is of paramount importance.

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