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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 776-780

A Study of Mandibular Third Molar Impaction Audit at Outpatient Department of Oral Surgery Department of College of Dental Science, Amargadh District, Bhavnagar, Gujarat


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
2 Lecturer and Head, Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Intern, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
4 Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dental Science & Hospital, Amargadh, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dental Science & Hospital, Amargadh, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India
6 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Fareedi Mukram Ali
Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.2047/jioh-08-07-07

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Background: The aim of the present study was to analyze clinically and radiographically the pattern of mandibular third molar impaction in terms of age, gender, rural/urban population, angulation of impaction, position of impacted tooth, pattern of eruption, level of eruption, and associated pathologies. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 338 patients attending the outpatient department of the oral surgery department for the duration of 1‑year. Both sides' mandibular third molars were taken into consideration, and a total of 500 impacted third molars were examined. Clinical parameters such as age, sex, clinical features, and urban/rural area were taken into consideration. Intraoral periapical views (IOPA) and orthopantomograms of patients were also studied for the radiological features such as angulation, position, level of the eruption, and associated pathological features. Results were analyzed using percentage analysis, and tabulation was done. Results: Out of 338 patients examined, 30 (8.8%) patients showed absence or agenesis of a mandibular third molar. Among 616 third molars reviewed in 308 patients, 500 (81.16%) were classified as impacted. The most prevalent angular position was found to be mesioangular (49.2%) followed by distoangular (26.8%). Conclusion: Impacted mandibular third molars more commonly seen in the third decade of life, in females and in urban population; and mesioangular impaction is more common than other types of mandibular third molar impaction.


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