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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 772-775

Assessment of Periodontal Health Status and Treatment Needs in Rural Population of the Central Maharashtra: A Cross-sectional Study


1 Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics, Dr. Hedgewar Rugna Sewa Mandal, Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India
2 Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dr. Hedgewar Rugna Sewa Mandal, Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India
3 Professor, Department of Conservative and Endodontics, Dr. Hedgewar Rugna Sewa Mandal, Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India
4 Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics, Dr. Rajesh Ramdasji Kambe Dental College and Hospital, Akola, Maharashtra, India
5 Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental School, Lohegaon, Pune, Maharashtra, India
6 Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Surgery, Dr. Hedgewar Rugna Sewa Mandal, Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Vishwas Diwakar Acharya
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Dr Hedgewar Rugna Sewa Mandal, Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.2047/jioh-08-07-07

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Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological profile of periodontal health status in rural population of central Maharashtra of India. Materials and Methods: A total of 1710 dentate adult patients were examined from the villages in Hingoli, Akola, and Pune districts of the central Maharashtra, India, for occurrence of periodontal disease, and the treatment needs using community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN) inducing system. Patients were drawn from the age groups of 14-18 years, 19-28 years, 29-33 years, 44-59 years, and 60 years and overhead. Results: It was perceived that as the age increased, the CPITN score also increased. It was observed that the CPITN Score 2 (calculus) was maximum in the age groups 14-18 years and 19-28 years; the CPITN Score 3 (i.e., the pathological pocket of 4-5 mm) was common in the age groups 29-43 years and 44-59 years. The CPITN Score 4 (the pathological pocket more than 6 mm) was the uppermost in age groups 60 years and overhead. The treatment need was mainly TN-1 (oral hygiene instructions). The need for multipart treatment, i.e., TN-3 (deep scaling, root planning, or surgery) was less in the age group 14-18 years, but TN-3 was found increased with increasing age and was significantly high in the age group 60 years and overhead. Conclusion: The present study shows surge occurrence of periodontal diseases, and hostile treatment needs as the age in the population of the rural area. Steadily higher prevalence of periodontal disease (64%) and treatment needs was observed in rural populations of central Maharashtra population. It concurs with absence of awareness among the individuals about periodontal health status.


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