Effectiveness of Calcium Hydroxide in the Treatment of Incomplete Rhizogenesis: Case Report
Suellen Nogueira Linares Lima1, Ana Carolina Soares Diniz1, Érica Martins Valois2, Alex Sandro Mendonça Leal2, Darlon Martins Lima3, Eduardo Buozi Moffa4, Matheus Coelho Bandéca4, Ceci Nunes Carvalho4
1 Graduate Student, Post-graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, CEUMA University, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil
2 Assistant Professor, Graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Endodontics, Institute Florence of Higher Education, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil
3 Assistant Professor, Graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Dentistry, Brazil Dental School, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil
4 Assistant Professor, Post-graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, CEUMA University, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
The use of calcium hydroxide has widely spread in recent decades due to its easy availability and use, its low cost, and the fact that it is often used in cases of apexification, showing great success in inducing an apical hard tissue barrier in the immature open apex. Its effectiveness has been demonstrated by clinical studies and long-term success rates ranging between 74% and 100%. The apexification technique aims to obtain an apical barrier that prevents the passage of toxins and bacteria into the periapical tissue from the root canal and to create a conducive environment for the production of a mineralized tissue barrier or root formation at the complete formation of the immature root. Thus, the aim of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of calcium hydroxide as an apical plug with incomplete root formation, preventing the leakage of the filling material.