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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 1057-1064

Hypodontia - A Dentoevolutionary Study


1 Reader, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Ahmedabad Dental College & Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Senior Lecturer, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Ahmedabad Dental College & Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Department of Endodontics, AMC MET Dental College & Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
4 Ex-Tutor, Department of Prosthodontics, Ahmedabad Dental College & Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
5 Intern, Ahmedabad Dental College & Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Yesha V Jani
Reader, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Ahmedabad Dental College & Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.2047/jioh-08-12-03

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Background: The human body undergoes growth and development from birth till adulthood. The disturbances arising in this process of development cause various anomalies. An example of such developmental dental anomaly is failure to develop the normal complement of 32 teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 51 patients, who were relevant to this study, were selected from the outpatient department of the institute. Intraoral examination was done for clinical confirmation of the absence of tooth/teeth and for any associated oral deformity. Intraoral peri-apical and/or orthopantamogram were taken according to the number and type of missing tooth/teeth and to rule out impacted teeth. Results: Analysis of the data suggests that 0.66% patients had hypodontia and males had a higher predilection. The most common missing tooth was mandibular second premolar followed by mandibular incisors. Oral and facial malformations are commonly associated with hypodontia. Conclusion: Hypodontia is a congenital condition causing many physiologic effects. It should be diagnosed as early as possible to prevent harmful sequelae. Successful outcomes in the management of patients with hypodontia depend on careful diagnosis and treatment planning.


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