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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1023-1025

Nutritional Assessment in Temporomandibular Disease: Creating an Awareness on Systemic Impact of Temporomandibular Disorder in Saudi Population

1 Assisstant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Riyadh College of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Lecturer, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dar Al Uloom College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Consultant, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Prince Abdul Rahiman Advanced Dental Institute, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
4 Dental Intern, Riyadh College of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5 Dental Intern, Riyadh College of Dentistry and Pharmacy

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: The aim of this study is to recognize the nutritional deficiencies in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients by assessing the nutritional values and create an awareness and manage the same to improve the treatment outcome of TMD patients in Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy (RCsDP), Riyadh, KSA. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Oral Diagnostics and Maxillofacial Surgery at RCsDP, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 67 TMD patients with an average age of 45 years were included in the study. Routine clinical examination was done followed by standard blood assay for micronutrients. Results : Among 67 patients, 37 patients showed nutritional deficiencies (of various micronutrients), constituting 55.22% of nutritional deficiency in TMD patients in RCsDP, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Conclusion: Malnutrition acts as a cofactor in TMD patients. It is therefore essential for the clinician to assess the dietary status of patients with TMD and guide them accordingly. Early recognition and management would hasten healing and improve treatment outcome in these patients.

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