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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 948-951

Evaluating the Causative Cycle of Stress and Oral Aphthous Incidence in an Iranian Population

1 Assistant professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2 Dentist, Shiraz, Iran
3 Librarian and Search Literature Officer, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Oral recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common ulcer that clinician should be managed. It entails approximately 10-20% of people regarding the geographic and genetic pattern of society. Some literatures reported RAS episodes in Stressful events. Patients experience repeating cycle of aphthous, pain, and recurrence. Stress and inheritance as a crucial factor on RAS incidence was studied. This study aimed to assess the effect of stress on incidence of oral aphthous ulcer between girl students. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive analytic study, 248 female students from Yazd high schools were evaluated, before and after a period of stress. Informed consent was taken before oral examination. Results: About 248 students were partaken, only 62 persons had RAS which 32 had positive parental involvement. Correlation between familial history and experience of RAS was significant. (P < 0.001). According to the data, stress had considerable effect on RAS incidence with 67.7%. Aphthous incidence was significantly different (P < 0.001). Conclusion: RAS prevalence was about 25% in the society and considerable impact of stressful events on incidence ratio was released.

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